Category: Islamic Knowledge

What is the shar’i ruling on celebrating festivals such as the birthday of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him), children’s birthdays, Mother’s Day, Tree Week and national holidays?

Firstly: ‘Eid (festival) is the name given to something
which returns ya’ood , and is used to describe gatherings which happen repeatedly, on a yearly,
monthly or weekly basis, etc. So an ‘eid includes a number of things,
such as a day which comes regularly, e.g., ‘Eid al-Fitr and Friday;
gatherings on that day; and actions such as acts of worship and customs
which are done on that day.

Secondly: any of these things which are intended as rituals
or acts of worship aimed at drawing closer to Allaah or glorifying Him
in order to earn reward, or which involve imitating the people of Jaahiliyyah
or any other groups of kaafirs, is a prohibited bid’ah, an innovation
which comes under the general meaning of the hadeeth: “Whoever innovates
something in this matter of ours (Islam) that is not part of it, will
have it rejected.” (Narrated by al-Bukhaari and Muslim).
Examples of that include Mawlid al-Nabi (the Prophet’s birthday),
Mother’s Day and national holidays, because in the first case there
are innovated acts of worship which Allaah has not prescribed, and because
it involves imitation of the Christians and other kaafirs. And in the
second and third cases there is imitation of the kuffaar. But in cases
where the intention is to organize work to serve the interests of the
ummah and to put its affairs straight, or to organize programs of study,
or to bring employees together for work purposes etc., which in and
of themselves do not involve acts of worship and glorification, then
these are a kind of benign innovation which do not come under the meaning
of the hadeeth, “Whoever innovates something in this matter of ours
(Islam) that is not a part of it will have it rejected.” So there is
nothing wrong with such things, indeed they are allowed by sharee’ah.

And Allaah is the Source of strength. May Allaah bless our Prophet Muhammad and his family and companions, and grant them peace.
Fataawa al-Lajnah al-Daa’imah, 3/59 


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O People, lend me an attentive ear, for I know not whether after this year, I shall ever be amongst you again. Therefore listen to what I am saying to you very carefully and TAKE THESE WORDS TO THOSE WHO COULD NOT BE PRESENT HERE TODAY.
O People, just as you regard this month, this day, this city as Sacred, so regard the life and property of every Muslim as a sacred trust. Return the goods entrusted to you to their rightful owners. Hurt no one so that no one may hurt you. Remember that you will indeed meet your LORD, and that HE will indeed reckon your deeds. ALLAH has forbidden you to take usury (interest), therefore all interest obligation shall henceforth be waived. Your capital, however, is yours to keep. You will neither inflict nor suffer any inequity. Allah has Judged that there shall be no interest and that all the interest due to Abbas ibn ‘Abd’al Muttalib (Prophet’s uncle) shall henceforth be waived…
Beware of Satan, for the safety of your religion. He has lost all hope that he will ever be able to lead you astray in big things, so beware of following him in small things.
O People, it is true that you have certain rights with regard to your women, but they also have rights over you. Remember that you have taken them as your wives only under Allah’s trust and with His permission. If they abide by your right then to them belongs the right to be fed and clothed in kindness. Do treat your women well and be kind to them for they are your partners and committed helpers. And it is your right that they do not make friends with any one of whom you do not approve, as well as never to be unchaste.
O People, listen to me in earnest, worship ALLAH, say your five daily prayers (Salah), fast during the month of Ramadan, and give your wealth in Zakat. Perform Hajj if you can afford to.
All mankind is from Adam and Eve, an Arab has no superiority over a non-Arab nor a non-Arab has any superiority over an Arab; also a white has no superiority over black nor a black has any superiority over white except by piety and good action. Learn that every Muslim is a brother to every Muslim and that the Muslims constitute one brotherhood. Nothing shall be legitimate to a Muslim which belongs to a fellow Muslim unless it was given freely and willingly. Do not, therefore, do injustice to yourselves.
Remember, one day you will appear before ALLAH and answer your deeds. So beware, do not stray from the path of righteousness after I am gone.
O People, NO PROPHET OR APOSTLE WILL COME AFTER ME AND NO NEW FAITH WILL BE BORN. Reason well, therefore, O People, and understand words which I convey to you. I leave behind me two things, the QURAN and my example, the SUNNAH and if you follow these you will never go astray.
All those who listen to me shall pass on my words to others and those to others again; and may the last  ones  understand  my  words  better  than  those  who  listen  to me directly. Be my witness, O ALLAH, that I have conveyed your message to your people”.

Discover The Muslim Heritage In Our World.

| Ibn Al-Haitham
“The First experimental scientist, he was a physicist, mathematician and a scholar who wrote Book of Optics in the 11 century”

Did you know that the Arabic word for mosque is Jami’ and the Arabic for university is Jami’a? A thousand years ago the first universities emerged within mosques where religion and science sat comfortably side by side.

Building on knowledge from Babylonian, Egyptian, Greek, Chinese and Indian Civilisations, Muslims developed a learning culture where enquiring minds searched for truths based on scientific rigour and experimentation. In almost every field of knowledge, Muslims made new inventions and discoveries with practical outcomes that helped develop society.

Muslim charitable institutions provided the first scholarships to support students.Courses were difficult and medicine was particularly gruelling, and just like in universities today, examinations were long and difficult.

Did you Know | The first university in the world founded in 859 by a Muslim lady called Fatima al-Fihri. University of Al-Qarawiyyin. (The Guinness Book Of Records, Published 1998, ISBN 0-5535-7895-2, P.242) (1001 Inventions Book, 2nd Edition, Page 318)

Fatima Al-Fhri
“I founded the world’s First University, Al-Qarawiyin, in 841 CE”

Muslim charitable institutions provided the first scholarships to support students. Courses were difficult and medicine was particularly gruelling, and just like in universities today, examinations were long and difficult.
Exhibits in the School Zone look at the links between universities, libraries and learning in Muslim civilisation and today. Content includes:

The colossal libraries that grew up in Muslim civilisation, plus the multi-faith scholars who worked together to translate knowledge.

The development of algebra, trigonometry and geometry – and the secret behind the way we write modern numbers.

How English words such as sofa, giraffe, orange and shampoo came from Arabic, Persian and Hindi through interaction between the cultures.

An introduction to Fatima al-Fihri, a wealthy young woman who founded one of the world’s earliest universities.

The story of the illustrious Baghdad academy called the House of Wisdom, which triggered a knowledge revolution.

Revealing what seems to be lost in the shadows


See examples of the water raising machines that were developed by the Muslims 800 years ago.
They devised new techniques to catch the water and made ingenious combinations of available devices, drawing on their own knowledge and that of other civilizations.

Learn what techniques the Islamic world used 800 years ago to feed an area that stretched from Spain to the borders of China.
Muslim agriculture was a sophisticated affair and they developed irrigation technology, crop rotation, and many other systems which all led to an available supply of fresh produce all year round.

Explore the numerous land and sea trade routes that were travelled upon so frequently.
The vast network of trade stretched over a realm that featured a vivid collection of merchants and goods, which helped transfer science, technology and knowledge of people’s cultures and traditions.

From Turkish Coffee to Cappuccino | The consumption of Coffee in Europe was largely based on the traditional Muslim preparation of the drink. This entailed of boiling the mixture of coffee powder, sugar and water together, which left the coffee residue in the cup because it was not filtered. However, in 1683 a new way of preparing and drinking coffee was discovered, and it became a coffee house favorite.
Cappuccino coffee was inspired by a certain Marco d’Aviano, a priest from the Capuchin monastic order, who was fighting against the Muslim Turks at the Battle of Vienna in 1683. Following the victory of the Europeans, the Viennese made coffee from the abandoned sacks of Turkish coffee. Finding it too strong for their taste, they mixed it with cream and honey. This made the colour of coffee turn brown resembling the colour of the Capuchins’ robes. The Viennese then named it cappuccino in honour of the Marco D’Aviano’s (Capuchin) order and since then cappucciono has ben drunk for its enjoyable, smooth taste…

1001 Inventions book, 2nd Edition, Page 13

| Zheng He
“I was a Muslim Admiral in the Chinese Navy from the 15th century, who led seven epic world Voyages in fleets of enormous wooden ships – the largest ever built !”


Did you know that hospitals, as we know them today, were first established by early Muslims. They offered the best available medical service at that time and cared for all people free of charge. Muslims are honour-bound to provide treatment for the sick, whoever they may be.

The first organised hospital was built in Cairo in 872CE. The Ahmad ibn Tûlûn Hospital treated and gave free medicine to all patients. It provided separate bath houses for men and women, a rich library and a section for the insane.

Patients deposited their street clothes with the hospital authorities for safe keeping, before donning special ward clothes and being assigned to their beds. Each patient would also have his or her own medical record.

Hospitals like these flourished as Muslim rulers competed to see who could construct the most dvanced centres. They spread all over the Muslim world reaching Sicily and North Africa.The earliest Muslim hospitals were funded by charitable religious endowments, called waqf, and some money from the state coffers was also used to maintain some hospitals.

Muslims have made a vast contirbution to modern day, technologies, sciences, astronomy, medicine, education, engineering.

Celebrating 1431 Years of Rich History

Learn more below.