Discover The Muslim Heritage In Our World.

| Ibn Al-Haitham
“The First experimental scientist, he was a physicist, mathematician and a scholar who wrote Book of Optics in the 11 century”

Did you know that the Arabic word for mosque is Jami’ and the Arabic for university is Jami’a? A thousand years ago the first universities emerged within mosques where religion and science sat comfortably side by side.

Building on knowledge from Babylonian, Egyptian, Greek, Chinese and Indian Civilisations, Muslims developed a learning culture where enquiring minds searched for truths based on scientific rigour and experimentation. In almost every field of knowledge, Muslims made new inventions and discoveries with practical outcomes that helped develop society.

Muslim charitable institutions provided the first scholarships to support students.Courses were difficult and medicine was particularly gruelling, and just like in universities today, examinations were long and difficult.

Did you Know | The first university in the world founded in 859 by a Muslim lady called Fatima al-Fihri. University of Al-Qarawiyyin. (The Guinness Book Of Records, Published 1998, ISBN 0-5535-7895-2, P.242) (1001 Inventions Book, 2nd Edition, Page 318)

Fatima Al-Fhri
“I founded the world’s First University, Al-Qarawiyin, in 841 CE”

Muslim charitable institutions provided the first scholarships to support students. Courses were difficult and medicine was particularly gruelling, and just like in universities today, examinations were long and difficult.
Exhibits in the School Zone look at the links between universities, libraries and learning in Muslim civilisation and today. Content includes:

The colossal libraries that grew up in Muslim civilisation, plus the multi-faith scholars who worked together to translate knowledge.

The development of algebra, trigonometry and geometry – and the secret behind the way we write modern numbers.

How English words such as sofa, giraffe, orange and shampoo came from Arabic, Persian and Hindi through interaction between the cultures.

An introduction to Fatima al-Fihri, a wealthy young woman who founded one of the world’s earliest universities.

The story of the illustrious Baghdad academy called the House of Wisdom, which triggered a knowledge revolution.

Revealing what seems to be lost in the shadows


See examples of the water raising machines that were developed by the Muslims 800 years ago.
They devised new techniques to catch the water and made ingenious combinations of available devices, drawing on their own knowledge and that of other civilizations.

Learn what techniques the Islamic world used 800 years ago to feed an area that stretched from Spain to the borders of China.
Muslim agriculture was a sophisticated affair and they developed irrigation technology, crop rotation, and many other systems which all led to an available supply of fresh produce all year round.

Explore the numerous land and sea trade routes that were travelled upon so frequently.
The vast network of trade stretched over a realm that featured a vivid collection of merchants and goods, which helped transfer science, technology and knowledge of people’s cultures and traditions.

From Turkish Coffee to Cappuccino | The consumption of Coffee in Europe was largely based on the traditional Muslim preparation of the drink. This entailed of boiling the mixture of coffee powder, sugar and water together, which left the coffee residue in the cup because it was not filtered. However, in 1683 a new way of preparing and drinking coffee was discovered, and it became a coffee house favorite.
Cappuccino coffee was inspired by a certain Marco d’Aviano, a priest from the Capuchin monastic order, who was fighting against the Muslim Turks at the Battle of Vienna in 1683. Following the victory of the Europeans, the Viennese made coffee from the abandoned sacks of Turkish coffee. Finding it too strong for their taste, they mixed it with cream and honey. This made the colour of coffee turn brown resembling the colour of the Capuchins’ robes. The Viennese then named it cappuccino in honour of the Marco D’Aviano’s (Capuchin) order and since then cappucciono has ben drunk for its enjoyable, smooth taste…

1001 Inventions book, 2nd Edition, Page 13

| Zheng He
“I was a Muslim Admiral in the Chinese Navy from the 15th century, who led seven epic world Voyages in fleets of enormous wooden ships – the largest ever built !”


Did you know that hospitals, as we know them today, were first established by early Muslims. They offered the best available medical service at that time and cared for all people free of charge. Muslims are honour-bound to provide treatment for the sick, whoever they may be.

The first organised hospital was built in Cairo in 872CE. The Ahmad ibn Tûlûn Hospital treated and gave free medicine to all patients. It provided separate bath houses for men and women, a rich library and a section for the insane.

Patients deposited their street clothes with the hospital authorities for safe keeping, before donning special ward clothes and being assigned to their beds. Each patient would also have his or her own medical record.

Hospitals like these flourished as Muslim rulers competed to see who could construct the most dvanced centres. They spread all over the Muslim world reaching Sicily and North Africa.The earliest Muslim hospitals were funded by charitable religious endowments, called waqf, and some money from the state coffers was also used to maintain some hospitals.

Muslims have made a vast contirbution to modern day, technologies, sciences, astronomy, medicine, education, engineering.

Celebrating 1431 Years of Rich History

Learn more below.